Cancer Treatment Available Abroad At Affordable Cost –Cancer Treatment

Cancer is one of the most serious diseases that can afflict a person. With over 200 different types of cancer that can occur within the human body, there are numerous treatment options available. Patients who decide to go abroad for cancer treatment often have more considerations to deal with than most other types of treatments.

Some of the most common cancer treatments that can be found in India include : –

Bone Marrow Transplant : – Bone marrow is a spongy tissue found inside bones. The bone marrow in the breast bone, skull, hips, ribs and spine contains stem cells that produce the body’s blood cells.

Brachytherapy : – Brachytherapy treatment in India is radiation that is given inside the patient, as close to the cancer as possible. The radiation is delivered inside the body with radioactive isotopes (chemical elements), inside delivery devices such as wires, seeds, or rods. These devices are called implants.

Breast Cancer Treatment : – The term breast cancer refers to a malignant tumor that has developed from cells in the breast. The breast is composed of two main types of tissues: glandular tissues and stromal (supporting) tissues.

Chemotherapy Treatment : – Chemotherapy is a general term for treatments that use chemical agents (drugs) to kill cancer cells. Many different kinds of drugs are used, either alone or in combination, to treat different cancers.

Cancer Treatment Available Abroad At Affordable Cost –Cancer Treatment2

IMRT : – Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is a powerful cancer-fighting technology. Annually, Mayo Clinic radiation oncologists treat more than 200 patients using IMRT.

Lung Cancer Treatment : – Lung cancer starts in the cells of the lung .The lungs are in the chest on either side of the heart. The right lung has 3components or lobes and the left lung 2 lobes. Air is inhaled through the nose and throat and flows past the voice box (larynx) into the windpipe (Trachea).

Prostate Cancer Treatment in India : – Prostate cancer is the leading malignancy in men over the age of 50. It is due to the abnormal proliferation of prostatic tissue cells. It is often a slow-growing cancer and remains localized at first. Later, it may extend as it spreads to nearby tissues and organs and then metastasizes to other more distant organs (lymph nodes, bones, lungs, etc.) via the bloodstream and the lymphatic system.

Radiation Therapy : – Tumors are made up of cells that are reproducing at abnormally high rates. Radiation therapy specifically acts against cells that are reproducing rapidly. Normal cells are programmed to stop reproducing (or dividing) when they come into contact with other cells.

Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Radiotherapy : – Stereotactic radiosurgery is a highly precise form of radiation therapy used primarily to treat tumors and other abnormalities of the brain. Despite its name, stereotactic radiosurgery is a non-surgical procedure that uses highly focused x-rays to treat certain types of tumors, inoperable lesions and as a post-operative treatment to eliminate any leftover tumor tissue or to obliterate abnormal blood vessels in congenital arteriovernous malformations.

The aim of cancer treatment is to completely remove cancerous tissue from the patient without causing significant damage to the rest of the body. Cancer occurs when cancerous cells in the body multiply uncontrollably and accumulate in tumorous masses.

Cancer Treatment Available Abroad At Affordable Cost –Cancer Treatment1

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Prostate Cancer Treatment Options

Learn about prostate cancer treatment options

Let’s take a closer look at the most common cancer in American men, prostate cancer. 1 man in 6 will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in his lifetime. You need to know your options: There is a lot to think about when choosing the best way to treat or manage your prostate cancer. You should always get a second opinion, especially if you have many treatments to choose from. Prostate cancer is a complex disease, and doctors may differ in their opinions about the best treatment options. You will want to weigh the benefits of each treatment against its drawbacks, side effects, and risks.

 

RADIATION TREATMENT

There are several radiation options for the treatment of prostate cancer.

  1. External beam radiation therapy involves focusing a beam of ionizing radiation to the tumor while sparing the surrounding tissue. Treatments are given Monday through Friday and last less than 30 minutes.
  2. Dimensional Conformal Radiotherapy (3D-CRT) is a method of treatment delivery that combines multiple radiation treatment fields using 3-Dimensional computer planning to produce a high-dose area of radiation that conforms to the shape of the area to be treated.
  3. Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) is an advanced form of 3D-CRT that modifies the intensity or strength of each radiation beam. It utilizes a sophisticated system of treatment delivery that allows a precise adjustment of the radiation beam intensity to the tissue within the target area while minimizing effects on surrounding tissue.
  4. IGRT or Image Guided Radiation Therapy is another technology that can also be used to ensure better targeting of daily radiation treatments.
  5. The Newest Technique is Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a specialized form of 3D-CRT that delivers high doses of radiation over a period of five to ten days.
  6. Brachytherapy refers to the technique of implanting small radioactive sources directly into the prostate gland. This procedure takes place under anesthesia, usually in the operating room. Brachytherapy is generally used only in men with early stage prostate cancer that is relatively slow growing. There are two methods of delivering this type of radiation to prostate cancer:

 Prostate Cancer Treatment 1

SURGERY

A surgical approach toward the treatment of prostate cancer is called a prostatectomy. There are several prostatectomy options:

  1. Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy: The most common type of prostatectomy involves making an incision in the abdomen and removal of the prostate from behind the pubic bone.
  2. Nerve-sparing prostatectomy: The surgeon cuts very close to the edges of the prostate. Care is taken to spare the nerves responsible for erections that run alongside the prostate. In cases when the nerves cannot be spared it may be possible to perform a surgical grafting procedure.
  3. Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy (LRP): minimal invasive surgery. Very small incisions are made in the abdomen, into which the surgeon inserts narrow instruments fitted with cameras (laparoscope) and/or surgical tools, allowing the surgeon to visualize and operate on the internal structures without cutting open the entire abdomen.

Side effects of prostatectomy%u2028 include urinary incontinence (stress and total), erectile dysfunction (ED) and impotence, and post-operative complications.

Prostate Cancer Treatment 2

HORMONE THERAPY

is also called androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) or androgen suppression therapy. Often hormone therapy will be used in addition to other treatment. It may consist of a combination of injections and oral tablets. Therapy typically begins at least two months prior to radiotherapy and may be recommended for up to three years depending on the clinical situation.

ACTIVE SURVEILLANCE

The concept of active surveillance, or watchful waiting means watching the patient closely with regular PSA tests and digital rectal exams every 3 to 6 months. Transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsies may be done every year as well. Treatment is started if the cancer seems to be growing or getting worse, based on either a rising PSA, a change in the rectal exam, or biopsy results.